Ionization occurs when a large amount of energy is transferred to the gaseous substance. With ionization a medium consisting of high-energy atoms, electrons, radicals, neutral atoms/molecules, photons and negative ions occurs and this medium is called plasma. Due to the content and chemical structure of the plasma, it is possible to use it in different forms. The change of plasma formation parameters allows the use of plasma in many different fields such as defense industry, textile, medical, industrial, and food.
The fact that plasma can be produced in different characteristics has supported the expansion of the medical application area and the development of technology for different purposes. Plasma technologies have been used in the medical field for contaminated environment sterilization by proving their effects on gram positive and gram negative bacteria, fungi, viruses and pathogens. Charged particles in cold plasma act on bacteria, resulting in change and death. Thus, it has become a method applied without exposure to the chemical effects of other sterilization methods.
The use of plasma in the biomedical field is developing day by day. Plasma applications are common in innovative technology development and alternative treatment methods. Plasma applications are performed in the production of the new generation "Diamond like carbon" intravenous stents, in increasing the rate of osseointegration by using prosthetics and dental implants to be applied to the body, in skin repair using the cellular effects of plasma, in the treatment of dermatological psoriasis and eczema diseases, in the treatment of cancer caused by uncontrolled cell division. Also diagnosis and treatment devices working with plasma processes are produced.